MS Amlin Yacht announced as title sponsor of the YJA Yachting Awards 2019

MS Amlin Yacht, the boat insurance specialists have agreed to become the title sponsor of the YJA Yachtsman of the Year, Young Sailor of the Year and Young Blogger of the Year awards 2019.

In a change to previous years, the 2019 Awards will be presented at a black tie gala dinner on Friday, September 13 during the Southampton Boat Show, where members of the Yachting Journalists’ Association will meet with a vast array of sailing talent and key figures from the marine industry to reward the most outstanding accomplishments during 2019

Paul Knox-Johnston, MS Amlin Yacht Business Development Manager said, “MS Amlin Yacht are proud to support the yacht industry and all journalists involved in writing about and promoting boating, whether they are freelance or attached to a publication, through the YJA Awards.  These are the primary independent awards for our industry and we hope our support allows them to remain so for the foreseeable future.  The open approach allowing anyone to nominate a sailor they believe deserves to win, followed by the expert YJA members vote means that any sailor with an interesting 2019 diary has a chance of winning.

Recognising the achievements of both experienced yachtsman and younger sailors will hopefully provide inspiration for a new generation to get out on the water and follow in the award’s winner’s wake.”

As the original Yachtsman of the Year Award, first presented in 1955 to Eric Hiscock, for his achievement sailing around the world in Wanderer III, the award has been bestowed upon many UK sailing legends for all manner of feats undertaken on the water.  With names such as Ben Ainslie, Ellen MacArthur, Robin Knox-Johnston, Dee Caffari and Alex Thompson engraved on its base, to win it is the highest recognition of sailing talent.

The Young Sailor of the Year is a more recent addition to the awards, starting in 1993.  Handed out annually, several winners have gone on to win the Yachtsman award.  This coupled with the Young Blogger of the Year, encourage future generations to get involved in sailing and to strive to reach ever greater heights in the world of sailing.

Clifford Webb, YJA Chairman said, “I’d like to thank the MS Amlin Yacht management team for their commitment to The Yachting Journalists’ Association membership with this sponsorship, which we feel will be a significant and mutually beneficial one, creating what should be a glittering evening of celebration in September.”

MS Amlin insure all types of craft enabling everyone who loves being out on the water to have peace of mind and enjoy their boating lifestyle.  We thrive from getting involved and giving something back to all areas of the industry.  From exhibiting at Crick Boat Show on the inland waterways, to sponsoring sailing events such as the YJA Awards and the Round the Island Race, we hope that we enable everyone to live their unique boating lifestyle to the full.




LIVE STREAM – YOTY and Young Sailor winners to be announced at Noon today

Don’t forget to tune in to the Live Stream of the YJA Yachtsman and Young Sailor of the Year Awards tomorrow, Wednesday.

Yacht insurer MS Amlin will be hosting the live streamed presentation of the awards for the 2018 at Noon on Wednesday

The awards will be made during a special event at the London offices of MS Amlin, the yacht insurance specialists.  

It is the first time, the awards presentation will be professionally live streamed around the world via social media and on

Watch it also via: 

Drone magic clinches YJA Young Blogger award

James Tomlinson (middle) wins a £100 Musto voucher and British Sailing Team branded kit from Nick Houchin of Musto (left) and Mark Jardine from the Yachting Journalists’ Association (right) – photo YJA.

James Tomlinson, 19, is the latest Yachting Journalists’ Association (YJA) Young Blogger of the Year for his swish drone footage from last season.

James, a first year student at Solent University, Southampton, where he’s studying Yacht Design and Production, edited drone shots to music from three projects, including a blast on a racing maxi and a holiday in the fjords.

“There’s a good link between designing boats and using media,” said James, receiving the award at the RYA Dinghy Show on Sunday. “We use photos in design with an emphasis on looking at structure, but in my own sailing recently I’ve been doing more media work on board than sailing, and I feel I’m stronger in that role. It’s great to be winning an award from an organisation like the YJA and seeing my video content recognised.”

This is the second year of the YJA’s Young Blogger award, and Digby Fox, Vice-Chairman of the YJA, said: “We really liked James’s use of DJI drones. He’s on the money because drones are making such a difference to the coverage of sailing. That three-quarter angle down is made for our sport.”

Nick Houchin, Musto’s Head of Sailing Marketing, presented James with a voucher for £100 plus a pick of Musto’s classy  British Sailing Team merchandise collectioncheck it out here.

“The excellent sailing coverage we see in the media is important to us,” said Nick, “so we’re happy to encourage young people to get involved and create a fresh take on things.”

As the top marine media professionals’ network, recognised worldwide, the YJA is opening its doors, plus valuable media contacts, to the next generation. “If you’re under 21,” said Digby, “have a think about sending us an entry this season. It can be in any media or format – print, online, written, visual, podcast, GoPro onboard, you name it – just share your passion. We’ll give shortlisted entries a 2020 photo ID Press Card for free access to boat shows, plus a vote on the YJA Yachtsman and Young Sailor of the Year awards.”

Send entries by the end of December to Find out more on the YJA site:

To view James’s winning entry, CLICK HERE

YJA Yachtsman and Young Sailor Awards to be streamed live

The coveted YJA Yachtsman of the Year trophy. Photo: Sam Kurtul

MS Amlin will be hosting a live streamed presentation of the awards for the 2018 ‘YJA Yachtsman of the year’ and ‘Young Sailor of the year

The YJA Yachtsman and Young Sailor of the Year 2018 will both be awarded at 12pm next Wednesday, 6th March, during a special event at the London offices of MS Amlin, the yacht insurance specialists.  

 For the first time, the awards presentation will be professionally live streamed around the world via social media and on

Watch it live via: or 

Select members of the YJA will be gathering at the landmark Leadenhall Building in the city of London to join an 80th birthday breakfast celebration for Sir Robin Knox-Johnston, a brand ambassador for MS Amlin Yacht.  The award winners will be announced as part of this celebration. 

Having been presented annually for over 60 years, the YJA trophy is the original Yachtsman of the Year Award and is an accolade like no other.  Across the decades it has been won by true sailing legends like Dame Ellen MacArthur, Dee Caffari, Sir Francis Chichester, Sir Robin Knox-Johnston and Sir Ben Ainslie.  It takes a truly great feat of sailing to become a winner and this will be no different for the 2018 winner. The 2017 award was presented to Alex Thompson for his spectacular performance during the Vendée Globe solo round the world race. 

The 2018 winner has been selected by the 260 members of the YJA following public nominations made last year.  Less than a week now remains until the winners are announced, so make sure to put the date in your diary and get online to share the moment with all of us.


YJA Yachtsman and Young Sailor of the Year Awards, 2018

Shortlisted nominees for the annual prestigious awards are set out below, and which we would urge members to vote now.  We have been able to create a very beneficial environment for the awarding of the trophies, but the timescale is now quite short.

Therefore the closing date for your votes will be 0900 on Thursday, February 28. The nominations for both awards are attached and you will find the voting page on our website at, or by following the link below. Although time is short we do hope you will find time to “tick the box” for your favourite.

We hope that the brief awards ceremony may be “streamed live” and we will circulate information on this nearer to the date.


Paul Goodson, MBE

Paul was born on November 29, 1977 at Brinsworth, Rotherham, South Yorkshire. In March 2005 he was ranked 2nd in the world in the Laser, behind Robert Scheidt of Brazil, and ahead of Michael Blackburn of Australia and Mark Mendelblatt of the United States.

He won the gold medal in the Mens’ Laser class at the 2008 Summer Olympics. In 2009 he won the Laser World Championship in Halifax, Canada. He also competed. In the 2004 Summer Olympics, finishing fourth, and the 2012 Summer Olympics, finishing 7th.

In 2006 he won the Moth World Championship in Hayana, Japan and in 2017 won the title a second time in Makesine, Italy (Lake Garda). Finally in 2018 he won the tile third time back to back.

Paul joined Artemis Racing for their 2017 Louis Vuitton Challenger’s Trophy campaign.

Nominated by Bob Fisher

Tracy Edwards, MBE

Tracy began working on charter yachts in Greece at the age of 17 and learned how to sail. Tracy took part in her first Whitbread Round the World Race as cook aboard Atlantic Privateer in 1985/86 becoming the first woman to race around the world on a Maxi.

She inspired a generation of women as the skipper of the first all-female crew to compete in the notoriously difficult Whitbread Round the World Race in 1988/89.  Defying critics they won two legs of the race to come send overall in their class on the yacht Maiden, breaking a record that remains to this day.

She also made history as the first woman to win the Yachtsman of the Year trophy.

Now, thanks to Anything is Possible, the Maiden yacht has been extensively restored to play the central role in the Maiden Factor campaign to raise awareness of the education of girls

A new generation of highly talented all-female crew members are sailing Maiden on a world tour with over 23 destinations in 13 countries, flying the flag for girls’ education, working with local charities and supporting community-led educational projects.

Nominated by Chris English

Nikki Henderson

Nikki Henderson made history when at 24 she was the youngest ever skipper to compete in the round the world event. And coming in second place to Australian Wendy Tuck, she secured an all-female one-two on the podium. The Clipper Race is unique in that it trains everyday people to become ocean racers – with 40 per cent of crew having never sailed before. Nikki skippered her non-professional Visit Seattle team as they raced 40,000 nautical mile around the world battling phenomenal sea states with 14 metre high waves, hurricane force winds, boat speeds up to 35 knots (equivalent to 40 mph), extreme heat and freezing conditions.

Anyone over the age of 18 can participate as a crew member in the Clipper Race and the oldest crew member of Nikki’s Visit Seattle team was 71 years old – almost three times her age. Sir Robin Knox-Johnston, the first person to sail solo non stop around the globe who founded the Clipper Race, has said of Nikki, “One of her strength is her leadership. She built a happy and cohesive team and made these 50 people, men and women of all ages and from different nations from around the world, buy into her team ethos “sailing with style’ it takes a special kind of person to be a Clipper Race Skipper – part teacher, counsellor and sports coach and so to lead her team to second place (and it was a nail-biting finish) is an amazing achievement.

Over the 11 months of the race, Nikki and her crew on the Visit Seattle yacht finished second overall in the 2017-18 Clipper Race, missing victory by just four points. She was the youngest person to ever skipper a Clipper Race yacht in the history of the race, and led her team to three outright race victories and two second placed finishes in 13 races. She was able to guide her novice crew safety around the world with little damage to the yacht despite surviving the roughest weather of the fleet through mountainous seas in the North Pacific crossing. Her crew could not be prouder of their achievements and the way Nikki coached them – really a quite remarkable feat as such a young age.

Nominated by Karla Graves


Finn Hawkins (aged 15)

The 15-year-old from St Austell, Cornwall secured a bronze medal in the Youth Olympic by finishing third in the 13th and final race of the boys’ windsurfing class.

Great Britain’s first individual medal of the Youth Olympic Games in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Hawkins keep his nerve in the final, showing an ability and attitude well in advance of his years and demonstrated great potential for the future.

Nominated by Gerald New

Emily Mueller (aged 15)

The Volvo Gill Optimist British National and Open championships concluded at Plas Heli, Pwllheli with overall victory for Bermuda’s Christian Ebbin and the British championship win going to Emily Mueller – who becomes only the third ever girl to win the national title.

Emily, of Royal Lymington Yacht Cub, was leading the charge for GBR along with her brother Ben at the mid-way point after two days of qualifying races. Following a further two days of gold fleet racing Emily managed to hold onto her lead to finish fourth overall in the open fleet and claim the British Optimist title.

Emily will now see her name on the trophy as only the third girl to ever win the British Optimist Nationals, along with doubt Olympic Gold Medalist Hannah Mills, and Vita Heathcot, who has just won silver in the girls 420 at the Youth Sailing world Championships in Texas.

“I usually do well within the girls’ fleet but I never thought I would be able to beat all the boys too,” said Emily, aged 15, following her last Optimist event before moving into 29ers. “I have done lots of hard training this past year with a great, fun group of sailors. It is the perfect way to end my seven years sailing the Optimist.”

Having just missed out on a podium finish at the Optimist Europeans in Holland this summer, Emily was able to take forward her experience from that event to achieve success in the nationals. “I learnt from the mistakes I made there and made sure I stayed calm this time around.   I realised that you have to work for every start, you don’t just do well in the next race because that’s how the rest of the event has been going.  I tried to stick to my normal routine, talking to friends and having a normal bedtime, to not make the event more stressful than usual. I wanted to have a really fun last few Oppie days. I had a low score from the qualifying series which meant that in the final series, I just had to maintain my lead by carrying on consistent sailing rather than having to gain firsts, which probably would have added more pressure.”

Nominated by Pauline Gray.


Victory for Giles Scott at Ronstan Australian Finn Championship

By Robert Deaves

Giles Scott wrapped up a great week’s sailing with two more race wins to take the overall victory at the Ronstan Australian Finn Championship in some spectacular Black Rock conditions. Nicholas Heiner secured second place, while Jake Lilley took one point off Ed Wright to move up to third, and also successful defended his Australian National title.

It had been a tough week in Black Rock with solid sea breezes for most of the races challenging the physical preparation of the 40 sailors who took part. Many sailors were visibly tired, with sore legs, heading out for the final day, which looked like being the toughest of the week.

It was a great demonstration from Olympic champion Scott as he revelled in the fantastic wind and waves on Port Phillip for two clear wins to make it six bullets this week, which is impressive considering the high quality of the fleet. Heiner knew it would be tough to topple Scott, so focussed on securing the silver. Meanwhile Wright and Lilley went into the day tied on points. Everything was set for a final day of tough and absorbing racing.

The final two races were scheduled to start at the earlier time of 12.00 and on the water, the southerly change had blown through in the early morning to bring in a solid 15 knot breeze and a 5 minute sail to the start line. The forecast predicted a 15 to 20 knot southerly with a sea breeze coming over the top and building later in the day.

Race 9 of the series got away on time under ‘U’ flag with two boats UFD, Rockal Evans, from Bermuda and Phil Chadwick, from Australia, who was leading the Grand Masters. The first mark was a British procession and by the bottom first time round it was Scott with a clear lead, clearly enjoying the fabulous conditions. The breeze filled in further on the second lap to a solid 20 knots by the finish. Scott took the win from Pieter-Jan Postma, from The Netherlands, and Lilley. Wright was back in seventh after breaking his vang lever and sailed in for a boom change for the second race. It was all down to the final race for silver and bronze.

The final race was held in the same solid breeze from the south, with a high degree of attrition through the fleet. In the end only 25 boats finished. At the top of the second run, Scott and Wright had a big lead on the fleet with Henry Wetherell clearly in third, to finish in that order for a British one, two, three. Postma capsized at the end of the first run, while Chadwick picked up another UFD. Alex Kokumai from Japan, suffered another broken vang and was towed in.

The spoils were shared between the Australian and British sailors. While Lilley won the Australian title from Oliver Tweddell, Wetherell took the U23 prize and Wright was first Master. After an over-enthusiastic double UFD from Chadwick today, John Condie won the Grand Masters by a single point, while Peter Wallace was first Grand Grand Master. For the Legends, Dirk Seret covered Neville Wild to stay in front, with last years winner Bob Buchanan, third.

“It was a great week of sailing at Black Rock, classic Finn conditions and a very physical week. Sore legs for all concerned.”

“Very happy to finish off in third and another national title but incredibly grateful to all the other countries for coming out and sharing our country and some fantastic racing.”

Heiner was pleased with his period of training in Australia.

“A great week’s sailing in Black Rock. Amazing conditions. You can’t ask for much better sailing. I think especially with all the internationals here there was great depth in the fleet, especially when the Kiwis were still here.”

On his own performance, “Every day I was pretty equal to Giles. We had some great battles and unfortunately I made a bit of an error yesterday with a UFD, so going into today I knew it was going to be quite tricky to gain those seven points on him, especially in the conditions we had today. I was just making sure I didn’t do anything crazy and secured the second place, but it got pretty hard once PJ started match racing me, which made trying to win the regatta quite hard.”

“In the end I am happy as one of the smaller and lighter guys in the fleet to come away with a silver medal, and quite solid as well, in a breezy week shows that we are on the right track. We are doing our homework and getting better and better, and it gives a lot of confidence.”

“It shows we can win races and be up on the podium in the big breeze regattas, so enough to work on but pretty happy with my Australian trip.”

Black Rock Yacht Club Commodore, Gary Lokum, commented, “It has been a fabulous two weeks of racing at Black Rock, with first the OK Dinghy nationals and then the Finn nationals. We have been blessed with fantastic conditions and have run all the racing to schedule, which is amazing. It really is ‘normally like this here’ and we hope all the competitors, especially the international sailors, enjoyed our club and our special waters.”

“I would finally like to thank our sponsors over these events – especially Ronstan, Rooster, Blue Peter and the Victorian Government – for their support in enabling us to host these events.”

Final results(10 races)
1 GBR41 Giles Scott 14
2 NED89 Nicholas Heiner 28
3 AUS1 Jakos Lilley 42
4 GBR11 Ed Wright 43
5 GBR71 Henry Wetherell 49
6 NED842 PieterJan Postma 52
7 AUS261 Oliver Twedell 52
8 CHN1 He Chen 89
9 AUS32 Jock Calvert 93
10 AUS41 Lewis Brake 94


YJA Membership Card to be accepted at Boot Dusseldorf Boat Show

50th anniversary of world’s biggest boat and water sports fair

We are pleased to advise that the Boot Dusseldorf Boat Show has agreed to recognise the YJA International press card as a qualification for entry in 2019.  Please provide your YJA press card on arrival.

boot Düsseldorf is the biggest boat and water sports trade fair in the world and is the place where all of the industry meets in January every year. Nearly 2,000 exhibitors, over 50 per cent not from Germany, from nearly 70 different countries will be presenting their interesting innovations, attractive developments and maritime equipment at the 50th anniversary show from January 19 to 27, 2019. This means that the whole of the global market will be heading to Düsseldorf, to provide an exciting insight into the entire water sports world for the nine-day exhibition in 16 different halls on 220,000 square meters. Every water sport is present on boot with its categories boats and yachts, engines, shipping and yachting equipment and Accessories, services, canoes, kayaks, rowing, rafting, water-skiing, wakeboarding, wakeskate, skimboarding, jetskiing, diving, surfing, windsurfing, kitesurfing, SUP, fishing, maritime art, marinas and water sport facilities as well as beach resorts and charter.Above

“boot Düsseldorf is the only trade fair in the world that truly represents the diversity of the industry and scene. With manufacturers from over 70 countries throughout the world expected to attend, we are unique in exhibiting such a wide range of product diversity. 1,500 sailing and motor boats have found their trade fair home at boot”, explains boot Director Petros Michelidakis.

The visitors of the biggest watersports trade fair in the world are equally diverse: they will follow the trade fair’s call to attend from over 102 different countries. Michelidakis: “This means that boot is not simply a show for regional visitors, rather, it is a recognized international industry event, characterized by its B2B platform. This is how decision makers from large charter companies, for example, use the trade fair: to gain a comprehensive overview of the market, to make direct contact with manufacturers and to make comparisons.” This is on the rise as charters are becoming more and more popular among boot visitors and exhibitors and are a real trend in the industry.

Above photo: Messe Düsseldorf/ctillmann

Follow this link to the press services including pre-registration:

Closer ties across the Solent

David Gower, Commodore Royal London Yacht Club


Two of the most prominent South Coast yacht clubs have established a unique “mutuality agreement”  allowing members to share each other’s facilities and could lead to joint on the water events.

The Royal London Yacht Club based on the waterfront at the Solent sailing mecca of Cowes, and the Royal Southampton Yacht Club which is focussing its clubhouse activities at Gins, on the historic maritime centre of the Beaulieu River have established the accord to develop closer ties either side of the Solent, which is one of the most favoured leisure sailing waters in the country.  Both clubs play an instrumental role in the organisation of the world famous Cowes Week regatta.

Anthony Knight, Commodore Royal Southampton Yacht Cluh

In a joint statement, both clubs say the agreement is offered in the spirit of one sailor helping another at sea with the RLYC extending a welcome to members of the RSYC to their clubhouse at Cowes, and the RSYC doing likewise to members of the RLYC to their clubhouse on the Beaulieu River.

David Gower, Commodore of the Royal London, and Anthony Knight, Commodore of the Royal Southampton, said:  “Members are invited to enjoy the facilities at either clubhouse, including the use of sailing dinghies and canoes at Gins, both as visitors and to participate in selected events to which they will be invited.  Members of either club will be able to use the club owned moorings of the other, essentially on weekdays and outside of event regattas, always providing they are not needed for the host Club’s members.”

Under the agreement the RSYC will be able to hold gala and other events at the RLYC from time to time whether on their own account or jointly with the RLYC.

Botth Commodores make it clear that the two clubs, will preserving their separate identities, but will look for synergies in other areas including investigating the viability of some shared administrative services and looking at how their respective race management teams, both of whom work at Cowes Week, can collaborate to improve the racing experience.

They say the “Mutuality Agreement” will be reviewed in December 2019.



Young Bloggers – win Musto kit!

Musto is encouraging youngsters to send media entries about sailing to the Yachting Journalists’ Association’s Young Bloggers Competition.

The top prize is a £100 Musto voucher plus an item of their choice from the classy British Sailing Team merchandise collectioncheck it out here – to be awarded at the RYA Dinghy Show in March next year.

Says Nick Houchin from Musto: “We’re involved in all levels of sailing, from grass roots youth sailing to supplying the official kit for ocean racing professionals and the British Sailing Team, so it’s very rewarding for us to encourage the next generation of reporters to share their enthusiasm. “

Digby Fox of the YJA adds: “I’ve always loved the media side of our sport, it’s full of great characters and stories and it’s so visual. I thought the recent batch of media coming off the Volvo Ocean Race boats was outstanding, so maybe this will be a stepping stone in that direction.”

If you’re under 21, send a blog, article, video, photo or audio piece to by December 31st to enter. If the file is over 10 Megs, use a WeTransfer link.

The Yachting Journalists’ Association (YJA) is the top marine media professionals’ network, recognised worldwide. Shortlisted entries to the competition will receive a 2019 photo ID Press Card for free access to boat shows.


Terms and Conditions

Entrants must be under the age of 21 on December 31, 2018. Entries close at Midnight UTC on December 31, 2018. Entrants can submit multiple entries to the competition

The YJA reserves the right to publish entries – with full credits – on the YJA web site and to offer submissions to publishers and producers free of charge to promote your work and the competition on other media related web sites.

Competition entries must be produced entirely by the entrant. The YJA reserves the right to reject entries that show plagiarism or outside assistance, and where complex post-production techniques have been employed, entrants may be required to provide a detailed description of how these were achieved.

Peta’s 25 year anniversary

The leisure marine consultancy PR Works is celebrating 25 years. Founder and YJA corporate member, Peta Stuart-Hunt, says it has been a fascinating and rewarding journey. “I have been fortunate to work with many wonderful clients, the most iconic events and a vast array of industry media contacts.”

Peta has enjoyed working on corporate accounts and sailing events such as the unforgettable AC Jubilee and two British Steel Challenge races.  In 2010 she ran the PR for Exercise Transglobe (Joint Services) and handled the media requirements for two Royal Yacht Squadron Westward Cups, launched RYA Sailability and was editor of its magazine ‘Foghorn’.

She has also handled national media campaigns for Sailing Logic, Sail TV, was Press Officer for the Sail Power & Watersports Show (Earls Court), PR for Scorpion RIBs, and spent three years managing the PR for World Cruising Club whilst more recently fitting in the Andrew Simpson Foundation and Bart’s Bash.

Peta pays tribute to Nick Gill without whom she says she wouldn’t have had the faith in her own capabilities nor the wherewithal to go it alone. “We worked together for 15 incredible years. Nick and his then Marketing Manager Liz Rushall, put their trust in me and gave me the confidence I needed to carve out a solo career.”  

She has since worked with “many of the nicest people and some of the best events.”  She continues, “There will always be a very special place in my heart for Cowes Week and Skandia who were the title sponsor during my eight years as Event Press Officer. When Skandia moved on so did I, taking up the reins as Event Press Officer for the iconic Round the Island Race for a further seven years.”

Peta’s work with the Round the Island Race was hugely rewarding as she made the role her own, bringing creative ideas to the table, delivering opportunities for the race sponsors and engaging with all stakeholders. She also served on the Island Sailing Club’s Race Marketing Committee.

In tandem, Peta was also fortunate to be working closely with the Royal Southern Yacht Club in Hamble, thanks to member and journalist John Walker. He brought her on board to help plan and deliver the Club’s 175th Anniversary celebrations.  After that, she was asked to join the Club’s Marketing Committee and as she puts it, “they hung onto me.”

In 2017 Peta became a founding Trustee of Sail Aid UK, the charity set up in the wake of the devastating Caribbean hurricanes. She is now enjoying her new role as Press & PR Manager for the Cruising Association.

“My heartfelt thanks to everyone with whom I have had the pleasure to work over the past 25 years.”